How to get real DNS resolving in ‘make test’?

As you might know I’m working (hacking) on Samba. Samba has a DNS implementation to easier integrate all the AD features. The problem is we would like to talk to the DNS server but /etc/resolv.conf points to a nameserver so your machine is correctly working in your network environment. For this Samba in our dns resolver library we implemented a way to setup a dns_hosts_file to fake DNS queries. This works well for binaries provided by Samba but not for 3rd party application. As Günther Deschner and I are currently working on MIT Kerberos support the libkrb5 library always complained that it is not able to talk query the DNS server to find the KDC. So it was time to really fix this!

I’ve sat down and did some research how we get this working. After digging through the glibc code, first I thought we could redirect the fopen(“/etc/resolv.conf”) call. Well as this is called in a glibc internal function it directly calls _IO_fopen() which isn’t weak symbol. So I looked deeper and recognized that I have access to the resovler structure which holds the information to the nameserver. I could simply modify this!

It was time to implement another wrapper, resolv_wrapper. Currently it only wraps the functions required by Samba and MIT Kerberos, res_(n)init(), res_(n)close, res_(n)query and res_(n)search. With this I was able to run kinit which asks the DNS server for a SRV record to find the KDC and it worked. With Jakub Hrozek I cleaned up the code yesterday and we created a parser for a resolv.conf file.

Here is a tcpdump of the kinit tool talking to the DNS server with socket_wrapper over IPv6.

resolv_wrapper will be available on cwrap.org soon!

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